Non-negligible Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Non-sewered Sanitation Systems: A Meta-Analysis

Author: Cheng S, Long J, Evans B, Zhan Z, Li T, Chen C, Mang HP, Li Z

Year: 2022

Publisher: Environmental Research, Elsevier

Current methods for estimating sanitation emissions underestimate the significance of methane emissions from non-sewered sanitation systems (NSSS), which are prevalent in many countries. NSSS play a vital role in the safe management of fecal sludge, accounting for approximately half of all existing sanitation provisions. We analyzed the distribution of global NSSS and used IPCC accounting methods to estimate the total methane emissions profiles from these systems. Then, we examined the literature to establish the level of uncertainty associated with this accounting estimate. The global methane emissions from NSSS in 2020 was estimated to as 377 (22–1003) Mt CO2e/year or 4.7% (0.3%–12.5%) of global anthropogenic methane emissions, which are comparable to thegreenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from wastewater treatment plants. NSSS is the major option for open defecation and is expected to increase by 55 Mt CO2e/year after complete open defecation free. It is time to acknowledge the GHG emissions from the NSSS as a non-negligible source

Still have questions?

You could not find the information you were looking for? Please contact our helpdesk team of experts for direct and individual support.